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Ivan Kramskoi Selected Paintings Boyan Stanimorov

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Ivan Kramskoi Selected Paintings Boyan Stanimorov
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Ivan Kramskoi: Selected Paintings
by Boyan Stanimorov

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Ivan Nikolaevich Kramskoi (1837–1887) was a Russian painter and art critic. He was an intellectual leader of the Russian democratic art movement in 1860-1880.Kramskoi came from an impoverished petit-bourgeois family. From 1857 to 1863 he studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts; he reacted against academic art and was an initiator of the "revolt of fourteen" which ended with the expulsion from the Academy of a group of its graduates, who organized the Artel of Artists.Influenced by the ideas of the Russian revolutionary democrats, Kramskoi asserted the high public duty of the artist, principles of realism, and the moral substance and nationality of art. He became one of the main founders and ideologists of the Company of Itinerant Art Exhibitions (or Peredvizhniki). In 1863–1868 he taught at the drawing school of a society for the promotion of applied arts. He created a gallery of portraits of important Russian writers, scientists, artists and public figures (Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy, 1873, Ivan Shishkin, 1873, Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov, 1876, Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, 1879, Sergei Botkin, 1880) in which expressive simplicity of composition and clarity of depiction emphasize profound psychological elements of character. Kramskoi's democratic ideals found their brightest expression in his portraits of peasants, which portrayed a wealth of character-details in representatives of the common people.In one of Kramskoi’s most well known paintings, Christ in the Desert (1872, Tretyakov gallery), he continued Alexander Ivanov's humanistic tradition by treating a religious subject in moral–philosophical terms. He imbued his image of Christ with dramatic experiences in a deeply psychological and vital interpretation, evoking the idea of his heroic self-sacrifice.Aspiring to expand the ideological expressiveness of his images, Kramskoi created art that existed on the cusp of portraiture and genre-painting ("Nekrasov during the period of 'Last songs,'" 1877–78; "Unknown Woman," 1883; "Inconsolable grief," 1884; all in Tretyakov gallery). These paintings disclose their subjects' complex and sincere emotions, their personalities and fates. The democratic orientation of Kramskoi’s art, his acute critical judgments about it, and his persistent quest for objective public criteria for the evaluation of art exerted an essential influence on the development of democratic art and aesthetics in Russia in the last third of the nineteenth century.

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Select image to get full-size picture (JPEG)The landscape in an artist's paintings starts playing a specific role in setting the mood of ...
10 Jan 2008 his chosen genre by painting the sea and views of the Crimean coastal townsIvan Kramskoy - Христос в пустыне - Google Art Project.jpg ..A key criterion in his selection is whether the work in question 'aestheticized' the ...
Select one , Select oneFrom Saturday January 26, some 120 paintings from Russia's major ..broken, he died in 1902Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.
..EUR 4,062.50; Free .....The portrait shows his friend and fellow artist Ivan Kramskoi.
26 Jun 2015 Pyotr Krestonostsev by the example of Ivan Kramskoi Artel (1864–1865).
Painting of Czar Alexander III (1886), by Ivan Kramskoi (1837-1887 .... 2ffeafca65

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